Traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a treatment protocol utilized to reduce trauma related symptoms.
Through cognitive restructuring, the individual identifies and challenges irrational and unhelpful thought patterns. In addition to traditional CBT, Exposure Response Prevention (ERP) focuses on the gradual exposure of the feared situation or trigger to reduce or eliminate the anxiety symptoms.
Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidenced based treatment model that has been proven to reduce trauma related symptoms. This treatment is often used for treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder but is also effective in treating various traumatic impacts. Using TF-CBT, clinicians work collaboratively with the individual and their family to provide psychoeducation about the impact of traumatic experiences. The client and their family learn to manage distressing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are linked to the traumatic event. The family also learns effective communication skills and strategies to increase feelings of safety in the sufferer.
Additionally, scientific research has categorized Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) an evidenced-based therapy, as effective for the treatment of trauma. EMDR is a treatment technique that facilitates the reprocessing of traumatic memory. In this treatment, the patient focuses on sound, movement, or lights to guide eye movements, while recalling the traumatic event using gradual exposure. This method helps reprocess the memory and the sufferer’s reaction to it.